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Stress is a feeling that emerges when we react to particular events. It’s the body’s way of rising to a challenge and preparing to meet a tough situation with focus, strength, stamina, and heightened alertness, the events that provoke stress are called stressors, the human body responds to these events by activating the nervous system and hormones Adrenalines that are released into the bloodstream.

These hormones speed up heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure, and metabolism. Blood vessels open wider to let more blood flow to large muscle groups, putting our muscles and other body organs on alert.

This prepares a person to react quickly and effectively to handle the pressure of the moment. This natural reaction is known as the stress response, which enhances a person’s ability to perform well under pressure.

Stress response can either be constructive or destructive, constructive response is short term and is meant to keep someone on their toes so that they are ready to rise to the challenge example is when someone is nervous of a final exam.

On the other hand, destructive stress response is when the system takes a lot of time to heal example is when one has to accept and overcome divorce or death. But the stress response can also cause problems when it overreacts or fails to turn off and reset itself properly (D’Arch, 2007).

This paper will look at some cultural ways of dealing with stress overload or, better yet, to avoid it in the first place that is stress management. The relationship between work stress and health states that, employers can no longer ignore workplace stress because it has become a legal obligation.

The most common symptomatic complaints include depression, headaches, back pain, gastrointestinal problems, fatigue, and skin disorders. Recent research has linked stress to such preventable health problems as cigarette smoking, alcoholism, drug abuse, obesity, eating disorders, mental disorders, AIDS, and herpes. The medical community theorizes that chronic stress lowers the body immune system.

 Links between the brain and the body are being explored through neuroscience. Emerging knowledge in the neurosciences has uncovered dozens of chemical messengers from the brain that have farranging influences in the body and on the communication between body cells. The stress hormones e.g., adrenaline, cortisol, glucocorticoids are fastacting neurotransmitters that vary in magnitude according to our attitudes, moods, and ways of reacting to problems.

Stress management programs in the workplace

Program development varies according to basic service levels. These programs are awareness, lifestyle change, and supportive environment. Awareness programs focus on increasing the participants’ general interest in awareness of a wellness topic.

A participant rarely changes actual health behaviors as a result of awareness programs. Programs examples include newsletters, posters, flayers, health fairs, program retreats and health screening. Lifestyle change programs are designed to change the actual health behavior of the participant. Health education, behavior modification, and experimental earning strategies are all used in lifestyle change programs. Any successful lifestyle changes encourage supportive environmental programs.

Lastly supportive environment programs facilitate a long-term healthy lifestyle. This is the level three programs whose main objective is to create a workplace environment that encourages health stress free lifestyles.

The program entails supportive environmental strategies which include the fostering of employee program ownership, adaptation of corporate policies that facilitates healthy lifestyles, corporate cultures that support program success, and ongoing processes that structures and develop a permanent health promotion program.

Economic and legal issues
The employees need their workplace environment to be a stress free industry and the insurance industry together with the cooperate industry to perform the norms of ensuring that the marketing focus of yesterday gives way to managerial control emphasis of health care cost containment.

The containment strategies include; managed care programs, cost share responsibilities between employers and employees and health promotion programs. Managed care is an umbrella term used to describe medical care innovations success.

Intervention recommendations
People do not make drastic and sudden health behavior changes. Changes that are made to manage stress do not usually meet expectations. The typically behavior change follows a general scenario of awareness of the change need, coupled with a series of change efforts and relapses before ultimate success is attained. People will be at different stages of change at any given time.

To investigate the short-term and long-term effectiveness of brief, and preventive, work stress management programs. From a working population engaged in a periodic health check-up, employees above a minimum stress level need interventions, which are equally effective on psychological complaints, burnout and fatigue.

Conclusion
The most helpful method of dealing with stress is learning how to manage the stress that comes along with any new challenge, good or bad. Stress-management skills work best when they’re used regularly, not just when the pressure’s on. Knowing how to “de-stress” and doing it when things are relatively calm can help you get through challenging circumstances that may arise

Work cited:

D’Arch. L. Stress Management (July 2007).  Accessed 14thMay 2008 from
http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/emotions/stress.html

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