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Health promotion is a growing trend. As the number of diseases rise, many people are becoming interested on how to avoid them or if not cure them.

In response to this need, many people are disseminating health related information in the media, streets, workplace and the internet. However, some of these information are not well appreciated or given good usage because some are difficult to understand or if not, they are presented in an uninteresting way.

Researches and studies have delved on how health promotion could reach out to the people and some of these studies are featured in this paper.

Among the topics are: determining the effect of pain and depression to health promoting behaviors, disseminating music-based HIV information to the youth, promoting better health in the workplace through the creation of health friendly ambiance at work, and how cancer information should written in order to become more effective to the populace.

The Relation of Pain and Depression With Various Health-Promoting

 Behaviors in African American Elders

The twentieth century is a witness to a series of innovations and developments in the field of science and technology. During this century many treatments, equipment and medications are being developed to cure chronic and catastrophic illnesses.

The introduction of such in the medical field has led to a longer life expectancy for man. However, the life expectancy predicted for one group, as revealed in previous studies, is not the same for another group. In illustration, the life expectancy of African Americans is lower by five to six years than Caucasians.

Many attempts and studies have been conducted to explain the trend and among the factors cited are: ethnic disparities, socio-economic factors, genetic differences, and historical factors. However, these elements many not only be the reasons for the trend.

There may be other unexplored reasons for the occurrence and among these is health promotion behavior. Problems on nutrition, sleep, and exercise may prove to be some of the underlying factors that cause the disparity. Related with these problems are the prevalence of pain and depression in a certain individual.

 Based on previous studies, pain negatively affects the functional ability of man. If he is in pain, there is a greater possibility that he will not be able to engage in health promoting behaviors such as exercise and good nutrition.

It has been established in previous studies that exercise and good nutrition can help an individual recover from pain, and have a healthy and longer life. These behaviors have the capacity to lessen the disparity in life expectancy between races.

Aside from affecting one’s functional ability, pain also has the tendency to affect depression however this has not been fully established. The statistical connection between individuals in pain and going through depression is yet to be corroborated by further studies.

In this regard, the researchers have decided to determine the correlation between pain, depression and engagement in health promotion activities.

The authors conducted a study to assess if the presence of pain would interfere with health behaviors of African-American elders and if depression serves as the mediating element between the two.

Involved in the study are 74 African Americans falling between the ages of 60 to 95 years old. The participants were recruited from senior residences and community centers in Detroit (Patil, Johnson and Lichtenberg, 2008).

Partial correlation was used to determine whether or not depression served as a mediator between pain interference and health behaviors. Regression analysis was used to determine the effect of the interference of pain on health behaviours (Patil, Johnson and Lichtenberg, 2008).

The result of the study yielded that there is a significant relation between physical functioning and functional ability. People who experience pain are less prone to engaging in aerobic exercise, a form of lessening negative health effects.

The relation between pain and functional ability is partially mediated by depression. The findings of the study resulted to the conclusion that curing depression may be a key variable in lessening health disparities between races and curbing health care costs (Patil, Johnson and Lichtenberg, 2008).

In the verge of the series of problems involving health care, the study proves to be significant for all. It serves as an attestation for the need to exercise health promotion activities in order to lessen health care costs. Prevention is still better than any cure that medical professionals could render.

People should not belittle the essence of having a healthy lifestyle; instead, they should embrace it and infuse it in their day-to-day living. The more educated the people are on healthy options, the greater is the chance to lessen if not, eliminate the occurrence of diseases.

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