Drinking age is a hot debated topic all over the world especially in America. In most of the European countries the official drinking age is 18 while in US it is still 21. In big democratic countries like India, the voting rights are given to those who have completed 18 years of age. Youth violence is one of the major problems most of the countries are facing in the current century. Though there are many reasons like drug addiction, difference in ideologies or opinions; alcoholic addiction is one of the major contributors for youth violence.
Lots of accidents also have been reported because of driving under the influence of alcohol. “Research substantiates the contention that the legal drinking age should remain at 21. Put simply, teenagers have not developed the cognitive, social, and psychological mechanisms that are needed to make thoughtful and logical decisions about alcohol use; in addition, their bodies have not finished their physical maturation process” (Smith)
Proponents of lowering the drink age argue that if a person is matured enough to handle a machine gun like sophisticated weapons at the age of 18 years by joining the military, he should have better mental control and hence he should be permitted to drink at the age of 18 “A United States Citizen is allowed to vote when they are 18 years of age. 18 year old males are forced to join the Selective Service, for possible drafting. This means that 18-year old males can go to war.
At age 18, a citizen is also inclined to jury duty. So, an 18-year old is given the responsibilities of voting, being selected for jury duty, and possibly being drafted for war. If an 18-year old citizen is to be given these responsibilities, why is the legal drinking age 21? (Lisa) Thus there are arguments in favor and against the legalization of drinking at the age of 18 years. Now the question is, is it necessary to lower the drink age from 21 to 18? The drink age
As per John McCardell, the former president of Middlebury College in Vermont, because of the ban, instead of drinking in bars or restaurants where there is supervision, it’s happening in dorms and dark corners (Parker) It is clear that even after the law prohibiting the drinking of youths under 21, came into exist the drinking habits has not been changed. The ban imposed on underage drinking has resulted only in increased illegal consumption of alcohol. Raising of drinking age is a useless exercise as those who interested in taking a drink can have it from many other illegal sources.
Though it is difficult for the juniors (those who below 18 years) to get the drinks from legal outlets because of the ban, they can easily purchase it from many other illegal sources. But the above arguments seem to be reflecting only the failure of the government and the authorities to enforce the law strictly and also making the public aware of the negative consequences of underage drinking. Illegal liquor outlets must be controlled effectively by the government. Nobody can argue that since the under aged people getting liquor from the illegal sources the drink age should be lowered.
Most of the available data shown that by the time the students go to college they have already experienced alcohol and hence the law is useless (James, 2008) Most of the children in America taste the drinks even at an early age of below 12 years. So those who attracted by the pleasure of drinking will start drinking even at the school days. It is easy to get the drinks for the children. Most of their parents may have drinking habits and they may keep liquor filled bottles at their home also. So children can taste it from their home also.
Again the above point clearly states the negligence from the part of parents in streamlining their children in the right path. Most of the parents failed in their attempt o convince their children about the consequences of drinking at a lower age. This is because of the fact that the children are taking lessons from their parents and they always try to imitate their parents. Most of the parents drink in front of their children and hence it is hard for them to digest the argument against their drinking.
Over 80% of adults believe that it is easy for people under the age of 18 to access alcohol in pubs and off-licenses; (Morrissey) Licensing for the drinking is a foolish act. In the modern world of advanced technologies, the intellectual levels of the children are much higher than ancient periods. It is easy for them to access the sources of the liquor in many ways. They can utilize some of their elder friends to purchase the liquor legally and can consume it easily. The only benefit of ban on underage drinking is that it can encourage mal practices among the children to access sources of liquor.
The above point stresses the lack of awareness among the children about drinking at a lower age. Children have often a tendency to finding ways for breaking laws. They don’t like any type of restrictions being enforced upon them. The authorities cannot reduce the drink age simply because of the failure of the law. “At 20 years old, an American can drive a car, buy cigarettes and pornography, vote for the next leader of the free world, and even die for his or her country by enlisting in the military. But that same person cannot order a beer with friends while watching the game at a sports bar.
Because of the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984, some Americans can put themselves in front of terrorists with machine guns, but not a Heineken” (Blanche, 2008). Voting rights and military services are meant for bringing the youths into the main streams of politics and defence of the country. It is necessary for the governments to construct a generation who can take challenges of the political situations as early as possible. So these sorts of exercises should be considered as recognition of youth abilities.
Such things always have positive impacts only whereas consumption of alcohol never brings any positive results. It always create problems Conclusion Most of the students have tasted alcohol before entering the college and hence the ban failed brings positive results. Increase in drinking age failed to bring the desired results. Illegal alcohol sale may be increased because of the ban. A person matured enough to protect his country, may have control over his emotions even under the influence of alcohol. A person capable of selecting the future leadership of the country may have the wisdom of controlling his drinking habits.
So the authorities must consider granting permission for taking beer at the age of 18 because of the less alcohol content in it. Liquor consumption must be allowed only at the age of 21 because of the alcohol content. Works Cited 1. Blanche Aubrey (2008), Lower the drinking age — we’re gonna drink anyways Retrieved on March 18, from http://www. northbynorthwestern. com/2008/09/11183/lower-the-drinking-age-were-gonna-drink-anyways/ 2. Lisa Andrew Mark, (1999), Lower the U. S. Legal Drinking Age to 18, Retrieved on March 18, from from http://www.
petitiononline. com/AD793/petition. html 3. Morrissey Ed (2009), Should Minnesota lower the drinking age to 18? Retrieved on March 18, from http://hotair. com/archives/2009/02/21/should-minnesota-lower-the-drinking-age-to-18/ 4. Parker Jennifer, (2007) Group Stirs Debate on Legal Drinking Age, Retrieved on March 18, from http://abcnews. go. com/Politics/story? id=3708133;page=1 5. Smith Nicole, (2008) Argument in Favor of Maintaining the Legal Drinking Age, Retrieved on March 18, from http://www. articlemyriad. com/argument_legal_drinking_age. htm