The key assumptions underlying markets in the health policy are: Predetermination of preference, acting rationally and the agreement concern with distribution of resources.
The health care has failed to meet these criteria in the following ways;
Concerning the predetermination of preferences it is clear that in the health sector, preferences are wholly dependent on the identity of the consumer and this leaves the supplier in a position where he cannot alter the preferences of the consumer. For example a patient may have a preference of a certain commodity or service, but the preference is not from within the patient but instead it’s induced by the doctor or physician, this may induce a permanent preference to the patient.
Individuals are known to act rationally when it comes to any market, this means that individuals have the right to decide which goods and services they think are best. This criterion has not been met in the health care market because most people do not have information about different health plans and this makes them stick to what they know.
For example most people in the health care market don’t like using a different commodity or service because of the fear of counterfeit. This has made many people not to have the knowledge of how an alternative health care would impact on their lives.
Every member in the society is supposed to have some degree of consensus on how goods and services are to be distributed. This criterion has not been met in the health care market because some members of the American society who are rich or powerful receive more superior health care than the other members of the society.
For example those people who are able to pay a lot of money will be treated with more advanced equipments than those who don’t have a lot of money, this creates envy in the group of people who cannot afford the high amounts incurred in getting better health care.
2) SCHOOL HEALTH CENTERS
The school health centers rise as a battle field in the politics of morality is a process that begun with the Americans believing that they do not have to depend on the state to attain privileges. Health care professionals were faced with problems because self-interest was always seen to be more on the sectors involving sciences. This then led to the launching of various health programs by a number of cities at the turn of the 20th century.
This was then followed by a divergence in the puritan tradition leading to two major moral streams in the American history, this were the individualistic neo-puritans which basically focused on the wrongs of an individual and the collectively inclined neo-puritans who basically concentrates on the sins of the community as a whole. This made it clear that even problems related to public health could be solved through a collective action.
3) OPPOSITION FROM MAJORITY CHARGED GROUPS.
By 1990s the public health officials in America were advocating for opening of health centers inside the schools, although there was a lot of opposition the health centers increased in number in the American Country.
This led to the development of health centers where the students, parents and the public could go and get services. Another factor that contributed to this was the compromise that the health centers received from the conservatives. Morality politics was also seen to play in the obese case.