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Control of total caloric intake to attain or maintain a reasonable body weight and control of blood glucose levels. Eating is a single activity that people cannot live without.

Sub-objective 1: Develop control and consciousness when eating.

Sub-objective 2: Learn to read the ‘nutritional facts’ located at the back of each food item.

Government should provide programs to build up consciousness on diabetes among African-Americans

2. Physical Activities and Exercise

Objective: to lower glucose and reduce cardiovascular risks
Physical activities and exercise lower the blood glucose and improve insulin utilization

Sub-objective 1: To make exercise a part of daily life

Sub-objective 2: To increase physical activities each day if proper exercise cannot be executed
The family, friends and other people who are close to a diabetic patient should encourage them to do physical activities and exercise.
3. Pharmacologic therapy and Monitoring

Objective: to make sure pharmacologic therapy is maintained by every diabetic patient

Pharmacologic therapy is important because it helps control blood glucose level.

Sub-objective 1: To maintain accurate monitoring of blood glucose level

Sub-objective 2: To be aware of the importance of pharmacologic therapy
There are many factors affecting the diabetic patient on the type of regimen he will use.

Financial support should be provided by the government if the patient cannot afford any regimen.

Family should help the patient in the maintenance of his regimen.

Medical personnel should apply the best approach to make the patient understand his situation, e.g. let him understand the proper regimen for him, based on his current health status.

4. Education

Objective: To increase the knowledge of the patients regarding proper diet, exercise, physical activities and proper regimen to control blood sugar level

Education should include those things that the patient needs to know. This would include not only his current health situation but also all the things he needs to add or change in his lifestyle.

Sub-objective 1: To make the patient curious enough and conscious enough about his condition

The family and close friends to the diabetic patient play a big role in making him aware of educating him on his situation.

The government should also make some steps in educating the patient and the public regarding diabetes. Sample activities that the government can do are: information dissemination, fora, symposium regarding diabetes and fun activates for the patients.

R E F E R E N C E S

Diabetes management: How lifestyle, daily routine affect blood sugar. Retrieved, June 28, 2009 from http://health.msn.com/health-topics/diabetes/articlepage.aspx?cp-documentid=100096555.

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