The theory of the researchers was that the determination people with higher scores or grade in Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ), a 9-item self-report measure of experiential avoidance (Hayes, Strosahl, et al., 2004).
Respondents use a 7-point scale to rate “the truth … as it applies to you” of statements designed to evaluate aspects of psychological acceptance (e.g., “I’m not afraid of my feelings”) versus experiential avoidance (e.g., “Anxiety is bad”). and/or Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) which was originally designed to assess seven different strategies.
As a result, researchers conducted a random experiment of 25 non-clinical college students and subjected them to specific tests that established their theory that second-order change strategy is better than first-order change strategies in dealing with clinical problems in which private experiences such as unwanted thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations, impulses, and memories are thought to be centrally involved.
This new method involves various approaches to “dialectical behavior therapy for borderline personality disorder(Linehan, 1993), integrative behavioral therapy for distressed couples (Wheeler, Christensen, & Jacobson, 2001), and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent depression relapse (Segal, Williams, & Teasdale, 2002) that, nevertheless, share the agenda of facilitating therapeutic change by altering the context within which private events function”.
These methods were designed so as to help the patients to address their low tolerance to painful experiences whether emotional or physical.
Publication Information: Article Title: Differential Strategies in Coping with Pain as a Function of Level of Experiential Avoidance. Contributors: Tanya R. Hocker – author, Katherine A. Mick – author, Connie L. Petersen – author, Brett E. Scofield – author, Hyunsung Song – author, Ratna P. Sudarijanto – author, Robert D. Zettle – author. Journal Title: The Psychological Record. Volume: 55. Issue: 4. Publication Year: 2005. Page Number: 511+. COPYRIGHT 2005 Psychological Record; COPYRIGHT 2005 Gale Group
Publication Information: Article Title: Psychological Issues in the Assessment and Management of Chronic Pain: The Multidisciplinary Evaluation and Treatment Approach to the Patient Suffering with Chronic Pain Is Widely Practiced Today and Considered to Be the Standard of Care.
Contributors: Allen Lebovits – author. Journal Title: Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association. Volume: 5. Issue: 3. Publication Year: 2002. Page Number: 19+. COPYRIGHT 2002 American Psychotherapy Association; COPYRIGHT 2004 Gale Group