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Having a good health is indeed important to have a strong and firm economy. This vision is possible if all Americans can avail to have quality health care services.

Depressingly, Americans nowadays face a serious problem when it comes to health care. As the country develops, population increases and ages, and the state population grows, health care also becomes expensive. Based on studies, at the turn of the 20th century, a lot of men and women were weak when they reach the age of 40. In fact, the average

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American born in 1900 had a life expectancy of 47.3 years. Efficient medications or medicines for diseases were so limited that doctors could carry all their drugs and instruments in a small black bag. By the end of the 20th century, medical advances had produced life expectancy to increase to 76 years.

Modern health care practitioners can put a stop to, manage, or heal hundreds of diseases. Americans nowadays stay independent and physically active even into their 80s and 90s. The fastest-growing age group in the populace at the present consists of people aged 85 and over. However, this medical progress has been costly or expensive.

A positive future American economy signifies good quality jobs with superior benefits and financial access to the finest and most advanced health care. The key elements to have a sound economic system and achieve prosperity, a long and healthy life ought to be possible for all Americans. What is more, this aspiration is within reach if Americans can enjoy an affordable health care.

This possibility to have an affordable health care must consider two things, first, people must have a clear understanding of what an affordable healthcare coverage is, and people must require proper financial accountability from the federal government.

Maintaining a good health is vital to every person and this is possible through having an affordable health care. In view of this fact, Americans must campaign to have a plan, which provides a wide-ranging coverage of most important expenses on health.

The proposed system or health care should be cost-effective. For this reason, this paper intends to give details on the problem of lack of affordable health care for Americans. In addition, this paper proposes how to have an affordable health care, and what measures to take to address and accordingly solve the particular problem.

Public Health

Public Health stands for the protection and development of the health of the whole populations by means of community-wide measures or actions, mainly by governmental agencies.

The objectives of public health are to put a stop to human disease, damage, and disability; safeguard people from environmental health perils; encourage behaviors that bring about good physical and mental health; inform the community on the subject of health; and guarantee accessibility of high-quality health services.

Public health systems differ in various parts of the world, depending upon the common health problems. In the developing world, the problems encountered by the people mostly deal with sanitation and inadequate medical resources, therefore, infectious or transmittable diseases are the most serious danger to public health.

To control the spread of transmittable diseases, public health officials allocate resources to create sanitation systems and immunization programs, and offer scheduled medical care to rural and isolated populations. In industrialized nations, clean food and water supplies and exceptional medical resources have reduced rates of transmittable disease.

Instead, catastrophes and illnesses such as cancers, heart attacks, and strokes are among the primary causes of death. In these areas, public health objectives consist of education programs to educate people how to avoid accidents and minimize their risk for disease, and the maintenance of the outstanding disease prevention systems already recognized or established.

The present public health organization is in numerous ways a product of its distinctive historical improvement and its position within the existing economic, political, and technological environment. Public health organizations are also outcomes of the current philosophical and ethical beliefs that stimulate contemporary public health initiatives. Public health practice includes organized efforts to make the health of communities better.

The targets of the public health prevention strategies are the populations rather than the individuals. All through history, public health effort embraced the goals of controlling transmissible diseases, reducing of environmental dangers or hazards, and safeguarding the food supply.

The historic importance on safeguarding communities from transmittable disease and environmental hazards or threats is now getting bigger to counter risks from behaviors and lifestyles that bring about chronic disease.

History of Public Health

The creation of public health organizations transpired back in ancient times. People in ancient societies were worried with regard to personal hygiene and sanitation for religious grounds.

The Bible includes countless rules for hygiene, and expresses public health measures still essential in the present day. These measures consist of quarantining the sick to put a stop to the spread of disease and avoiding contact with objects used by sick people.

     In the 19th and 20th centuries, studies and efforts to enhance sanitation, particularly in big cities, have had a significant impact in enhancing human health and increasing life expectancy. Scores of medical developments, including the introduction of antibiotics and vaccines, became essential tools or gears of public health.

The officials established the first health departments in cities and rural areas. In the U.S., public health actions or measures to put a stop to the spread of contagious disease were so successful that by the late 1970s, U.S. health experts projected to eliminate contagious illnesses by the end of the 20th century.

Public Health Organization

On an international scale, the World Health Organization (WHO) coordinates public health.

WHO coordinates worldwide disease prevention and control measures or efforts, and is involved in teaching medical personnel, educating, or informing world populations on the subject of public health issues such as widespread diseases, population control, nutrition, and the advantages of environmental sanitation. United Nations membership dues and contributions, as well as voluntary donations from public and private sources fund WHO and all of its programs.

In the U.S., the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) supervises public health and safety all over the nation. American citizens fund it by means of taxes. The Public Health Service, a part of HHS, is the major federal agency concerned with public health.

The Public Health Service consists of numerous individual agencies that concentrate in various aspects of public health. The National Institutes of Health, the medical research arm of the Public Health Service, carries out biomedical research and keeps 25 institutes and centers of health and the National Library of Medicine.

The center that examines and put a stop to epidemic of diseases, keeps up national health statistics, and oversees several of the public immunization programs in the U.S. refers to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Meanwhile, the agency that ensures the safety of food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and medical devices by way of legislation and licensing programs refers to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Every state in the U.S. has its own department of health and nearly all local communities have a city or county health department. State and regional public health departments operate with national agencies to oversee public health programs or projects.

Other government agencies, particularly environmental protection departments, might as well have some responsibilities for public health. Scores of private or voluntary health organizations play a part to overall community health by means of enlightening the public on the subject of good health practices and prevention of cancer, heart disease, and other conditions.

References

Arens, W. F. (2001). Contemporary advertising. Irwin/McGraw Hill, 2001.

Garrett, L. (2001). Betrayal of trust: The collapse of global public health. Hyperion.

Lee, P. R. (2000). The nation’s health. Jones ; Bartlett.

Le Fanu, J. (2000). The rise and fall of modern medicine. Carroll ; Graf

O’Connor, K. J. (2004). American government: Continuity and change. New York: Pearson Longman.

Novick, L. ; Mays, G. (2000). Public health administration: Principles for population-based management. Sadbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Starfield B. (1998). Primary care: Balancing health needs, services and technology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Starfield B. (1994) Is primary care essential? Lancet

Stone D. (2002). Policy paradox: The art of political decision-making. New York, NY: WW Norton.

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