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Illegal drugs are one of the six main reasons for people entering jails and prisons (“Prison and Prisoner Management”). In Canada, almost eighty percent of the people entering jails have a history of substance abuse (“Drugs in Correctional Facilities”). Statistics in other parts of the world are not quite dissimilar. Thus, prison management is required to help drug-addicted inmates deal with the problem, whether the inmates are able to find drugs in prison or not.

Programs that prison management is generally required to run in this context include counseling, psychotherapy, education, as well as medical treatment (“Prison and Prisoner Management;” “Treating drug users in prison”). As far as education is concerned, experts believe that jails and prisons must seek to teach diverse skills to prisoners so as to divert their attention from drugs (“Prison and Prisoner Management”). Leisure activities are understood to have a similar effect on inmates (Uchtenhagen). Jails and prisons are not always known to stop people from using drugs (“Treating drug users in prison”).

Hence, prison management must allocate resources not only to meet the healthcare and educational needs of the drug-addicted inmates, but also to stop the supply of drugs into jails and prisons. It is believed that the need for drugs increases among the drug-addicted inmates because of the stress that they experience in the prison environment (Uchtenhagen). If drugs are trafficked into jails, some of the inmates who mildly abused drugs before entering jail may turn to severe abuse. Likewise, inmates with no history of drug use may turn to drug abuse as a method of coping with stress.

Therefore, prison management must also consider allocating resources to routine urinal analyses of all inmates with or without a history of drug use (“Managing Drugs in Prison”). By knowing that there are inmates who continue to abuse drugs in jails and prisons, prison management may try to find out about the sources of drugs. It is necessary for prison management to enhance security measures so as to stop the supply of drugs in jails and prisons. Lockers may be supplied to all visitors, and anything that they bring along may be x-rayed and scanned for the residues of drugs.

All visitors may need to walk through metal detectors. Drug detector dogs may also need to be employed (“Drugs in Correctional Facilities”). According to the Government of Western Australia – which believes that the trafficking of illegal drugs into prisons is a major issue to be addressed by correctional and law enforcement agencies around the world – it is a good idea to employ “multi-purpose response dogs” apart from the drug detector dogs, as “[t]he presence of additional dogs will further prevent people from bringing drugs into prisons and passing drugs within the prison system (“Managing Drugs in Prison”).

” Thus, prison management must take a variety of measures to stop drugs from entering the prison system. Besides, the correctional systems around the world are required to help inmates with a history of drug abuse. All of these measures ask for prison systems to allocate their resources to the issue of illegal drugs. If drugs did not demand so much attention from prison systems, jails and prisons would have been run in a different way altogether.

The resources currently spent on fighting drugs would have been used on entirely different causes to manage the correctional facilities. Works Cited “Drugs in Correctional Facilities: A Dangerous Situation. ” Correctional Services Canada. 6 Oct 2007. <http://www. csc-scc. gc. ca/text/pblct/drugs/drugsGuide_e. shtml>. “Managing Drugs in Prison. ” Government of Western Australia. 6 Oct 2007. <http://www. correctiveservices. wa. gov. au/_files/Drugs_in_prisons. pdf>.

“Treating drug users in prison – a critical area for health promotion and crime reduction policy. ” Drugs in Focus. Jan-Feb 2003. 6 Oct 2007. <www. emcdda. eu. int>. “Prison and Prisoner Management. ” Government of South Australia: Department for Correctional Services. . 6 Oct 2007. <http://www. corrections. sa. gov. au/prisons/>. Uchtenhagen, Ambrose. “Drug Prevention Outside and Inside Prison Walls. ” 6 Oct 2007. <http://www. drugtext. org/library/articles/97817. htm>.

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