Drug trafficking has been a huge problem in the United States in the past century. There had been efforts made by the United States governments in alleviating its society out of substance and drug abuse. With this, the government has created different organizations as well as made laws to combat the prevalent problem of drug trafficking. This paper will look into the summary of the drug problem in the United States. Moreover, the paper will also elaborate the amount of drugs delivered in the country and at the same time its origin countries.
Third, the paper will look into the way the government addresses these issues particularly the law enforcement resources. Lastly, the paper will look into the role of the military in the enforcement of anti-drug trafficking in the United States. Drug trafficking is the most widespread and lucrative organized crime operation in the United States, accounting for nearly 40 percent of this country’s organized crime activity and generating an annual income estimated to be as high as $110 billion.
(President’s Commission on Organized Crime, 1986, p. 3) Though there had been constant rise in drug trafficking over the years, the United States government had made moves to address the problem. The trafficking of illicit drugs such as cocaine, heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and MDMA (the leading drug threats to the United States) is undergoing strategic shifts in response to sustained and effective international and domestic counter drug efforts. (National Drug Intelligence Center, 2006, p. 1)
It can be argued that America transacts at a huge amount everyday (e. g. sea, air, land, people) Amid this voluminous trade, drug traffickers conceal cocaine, heroin, marijuana, MDMA, and methamphetamine shipments for distribution in U. S. neighborhoods. (U. S. Drug Enforcement Agency, 2004, p. 1) These are the usual illegal drugs that enter the United States at a daily basis. Looking at its sources, these banned narcotics come from different locations around the world and within the United States.
One important supplier is Mexico. They use their well-established overland transportation networks to transport cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamine, and heroin–Mexican and increasingly South American–to drug markets throughout the country. (National Drug Intelligence Center, 2006, p. 1) Israeli and Russian drug trafficking syndicates and Western Europe-based drug traffickers are the principal traffickers of MDMA worldwide. (U. S. Drug Enforcement Agency, 2004, p.
1) Besides these criminal groups based abroad, domestic organizations cultivate, produce, manufacture, or distribute illegal drugs such as marijuana, methamphetamine, phencyclidine (PCP), and lysergic acid diethyamide (LSD). (U. S. Drug Enforcement Agency, 2004, p. 1) The United States, in response to these threats to national security and its society, organized and created agencies that would tackle illegal drugs and its distribution.
One important organization is the Drug Enforcement Administration. The mission of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is to enforce the controlled substances laws and regulations of the United States and bring to the criminal and civil justice system of the United States. (U. S. Drug Enforcement Administration, p. 1) Of course there are other organizations that combat drug trafficking. These groups are correlated and linked with one another to have a unified stand against drug traffickers.
These include the justice department, NGO’s, civic groups, local operatives to enforce laws and the military. At it has been stated by the paper awhile ago, the military plays a vital role in the enforcement of anti-drug trafficking practices. Yes, local operatives play also play a vital part in the enforcement process, however police are only bound by their jurisdiction and role at a specified area. The military plays a role in this organized crime because they are not bound by certain jurisdiction within a certain area.
Moreover, since drug trafficking is threat to national security, the military can eventually take part in the operation under a justifiable cause. The collaboration of the military and local operatives in combating drug trafficking in the United States can help boost the campaign of the country to eliminate such crime. References National Drug Intelligence Center. (2006) National Drug Threat Assessment 2007. Retrieved September 10, 2007 from http://www. usdoj. gov/ndic/pubs21/21137/dtos. htm#Start President’s Commission on Organized Crime.
(1986) America’s Habit: Drug Abuse, Drug Trafficking, ; Organized Crime. Retrieved September 10, 2007 from http://www. druglibrary. org/schaffer/GOVPUBS/amhab/amhabc3. htm U. S. Drug Enforcement Administration. Drug Trafficking in the United States. Retrieved September 10, 2007 from http://www. dea. gov/pubs/state_factsheets. html U. S Drug Enforcement Agency. (2004) Drug Trafficking in the United States. Retrieved September 10, 2007 from http://www. policyalmanac. org/crime/archive/drug_trafficking. shtml