The discovery of drugs has no doubt been an immerse contribution to the total well being and the existence of men throughout the world. It has played an important part in our lives in medical sciences especially in the treatment and cure of so many diseases confronting human race. There has been definite definition of what a drug is, but in pharmacy it has been defined to be a chemical substances used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well-being.
It may be prescribe on a short bases or otherwise in cases of serious situations. The discovery of drugs was regarded as a breakthrough in medicine but this seems to have outlived it relevance as it lead us to another problem of drug addiction. Drug addiction is situation where our total body system depends on a drug for proper functioning, absence of which could lead to cessation causing severe trauma, death or madness. This problem is not without it effect on our body, actions and all total wellbeing as a whole.
The presence of drugs every, purchasing without prescription, self medication, attractive adverts to lure customers and a lot of these activities has called for a stricter measure in the controlling of this sector. Statistics has shown that drugs plays important role in violence, robberies, murders, rape and suicide that have clouded our nation. The exposure to drugs has increased the rate of its abuse which in turn increases the rate of crimes. (Special report, teen, drug & violence, office of the national drug law policy, June 207) Also we can not deny the fact that drugs are essential in the cure of diseases and treatment.
Cancer for example is constantly been maintained by the drugs as there is no cure for it yet. Even at this, there has been constant call for the regulation of drug intake by patients. We have to firstly understand what drug regulation is all about. Drug regulation is to my best knowledge, the regulation of production, distribution, sales which include advertisement, intake and other related activity in pharmacy. This topic is a controversial one that has raise serious debate in both political and medical fields. If drugs were to be legalized, they would be cheaper than they cost now.
If they were cheaper, the drug dealers would be pushed out of business. This looks like a good thing, but once they are cheaper, more people, especially teenagers, will experiment and as a result becomes addicted. A high increase of experimentation will occur as a result of a decrease in prices, therefore there will be more drug addicts. Legalizing drugs will not eliminate illegal trafficking, nor the violence associated with the illegal drug trade. A black market would still exist unless all psychoactive and addictive drugs in all strengths were made available to all ages in unlimited quality.
Many reasons have been given for and against legalizing drugs, but the issue is the control measure set in place to control this sector, not legalizing it or decriminalization of illicit drugs. Over past years, Number of American deaths per year that result directly or primarily from the following selected causes nationwide, according to World Almanacs, Life Insurance Actuarial (death) Rates, and the last 20 years of U. S. Surgeon Generals’ reports. TOBACCO 340,000 to 450,000 ALCOHOL (Not including 50% of all highway deaths and 65% of all murders) 150,000+ ASPIRIN (Including deliberate overdose) 180 to 1,000+
CAFFEINE (From stress, ulcers, and triggering irregular heartbeats, etc. ) 1,000 to 10,000 “LEGAL” DRUG OVERDOSE (Deliberate or accidental) from legal, prescribed or patent medicines and/or mixing with alcohol – e. g. Valium/alcohol 14,000 to 27,000 ILLICIT DRUG OVERDOSE (Deliberate or accidental) from all illegal drugs. 3,800 to 5,200. Without much doubt, it increasingly important that we regulate the legislation the drug sector of our economy. This task lies on the government to come up with policies that will help reduce the abuse of drugs and its illegal transaction.
In formulating policies for drug control and regulation, certain facts have to be considered. The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, Pub. L. No. 91-513, 84 Stat. 1236 (Oct. 27, 1970 was the formulated Act is a federal with subsequent modifications, requires the pharmaceutical industry to maintain physical security and strict record keeping for certain types of drugs. Some have said the constant review of the policies on drugs is as a result of it ineffectiveness but I want to believe it is as the result of the constant dynamic nature of the pharmaceutical industry which includes new discoveries and innovations.
In formulating policies, we should start from: 1- Production 2- Distribution 3- Punishment Production: Production license should be given to companies registered by the regulatory body. This will check mate fake production companies who might want to corrupt the market. Companies. Companies given this license should be managed by qualified pharmacist who wills understand the implication of their drugs getting into the wrong hands. Linkages should be avoided at this level as drugs are sometimes taken out of the factory by workers of these companies and sold to the black market.
Distribution: This business should be solely left in the hands of qualified personnel. This will guild against its getting into hand s of those who will abuse it. Selling of certain drugs should be done based on prescriptions and not just sold across the counter. This will put off the under age and abuser of drugs. Hospitals that use these regulated drugs should also put up internal mechanism to wade off abuse. Night clubs raves and stripe joints are major consumer of these drugs.
Ecstasy, Rohypnol, GHB, and Ketamine just to name a few. Most of these drugs can be found at Raves or over night parties. The reasons people are brought into using these drugs may include, the relatively low cost, increased stamina, and the intoxicating highs that seem to deepen the trance experience. Medical Science has examined evidence and leads them to believe ecstasy changes critical parts of the brain and that overdoses can lead to muscle breakdown and even cardiovascular failure. Here are a few of the drugs commonly used.
Punishment: Offenders of these policies should not be spared. Adequate punishments should be melted out to this people. Illegal importers of any regulated drug should be jailed. Lastly, effective publicity (enlightenment policies) on the dangers and effect of abusing of this drug should be done by the companies producing them. This will be an effective way of fighting against the abuse. In conclusion, these will be a guideline in the formulation of any legislation in the Pharmactical industry. Reference:
• Moore, David and Saunders, Bill. 2001. youth Drug Use and the Prevention of Problems Journal of Drug Issues 13:219-235. • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). (2003) Uniform Crime Reports. November 17, 2003. www. fbi. gov/ucr/ucr. htm • Common Sense for Drug Policy. (2001). Drug War Facts: Annual Causes of Death in the United States. Retrieved November 10, 2003. www. drugwarfacts. org/causes. • Akens, Ronald. (1998). Social Learning and Social Structure: A General Theory of Crime and Deviance. Boston: Northeastern University Press.