It is extremely important to avoid drugs during pregnancy simply because of the dangers that it is associated with. First of all, if a pregnant individual takes in drugs, it can negatively impact the development of the fetus (Murphy, 1998). Birth defects may be exhibited in the child of a mother who took drugs while she was pregnant (Murphy, 1998). Second, a pregnant individual who takes in drugs will give birth to a baby who is “underweight and underdeveloped” (Murphy, 1998).
This is most likely to occur simply because drugs have the capacity to modify the purpose of the placenta by making the blood vessels to contract/constrict (Murphy, 1998). Therefore, it decreases the “supply of oxygen and nutrients to the fetus” from the mother (Murphy, 1998). Third, a pregnant person taking drugs while carrying a baby inside her womb may give birth earlier than scheduled (Murphy, 1998). This is because drugs can bring about forceful contraction of the muscles of the uterus (Murphy, 1998).
Consequently, this causes an indirect danger to the fetus or baby inside the womb of the mother by lessening its blood supply, as well as, prompting “preterm labor and delivery” (Murphy, 1998). Fourth, certain drugs including that which is technically referred to as, “anti-anxiety drugs” if taken in by a pregnant mother, especially in the final stages of her pregnancy, will bring about “depression, irritability, shaking, as well as, exaggerated reflexes” to the newborn (Murphy, 1998).
Fifth, antibiotics like: 1) “Nitrofurantoin and Chloramphenicol” if taken by pregnant women will have a baby who will suffer from “breakdown of red blood cells”; 2) “Streptomycin and Kanamycin” may bring about deafness in the baby; 3) “Sulfonamides” may cause the baby to have jaundice, decreased red blood cells, as well as, brain damage; and 4) “Tetracycline” may bring about underdeveloped bones, yellowing of the teeth permanently, as well as, liver failure on the part of the pregnant individual (Murphy, 1998).